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Library Services for Online and Metropolitan Students: Citation Resources

APA Instructional Videos

APA -Citation

American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in science, medical, public health, health sciences and nursing as well as the social science.

 The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper.

This guide is based on the APA Manual (6th ed.) that was published in 2009.

The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research. 

General Style Guidelines

Books

Journal/Magazine Articles

Web Sites

Audiovisual Media

Figures/Images

Other Sources

For more examples and information, consult the following publications:

Cite right : a quick guide to citation styles--MLA, APA, Chicago, the sciences, professions, and more 
Lipson, Charles.  Chicago ; London University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Location: General reserve: 1rst floor: Call #      808.027 L66c, 2011  

eBooks : eBrary Database

Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism (2)

by Neville, Colin
 
       
 

APA - Video Series Online Citation

Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual(6th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Citation with One Author
The general format below refers to a book with one author. 
 
If you are dealing with one editor instead of one author, you would simply insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by "(Ed.)" without the quotation marks.  The rest of the format would remain the same.
 
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year, page number)
 
      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of
            Publication: Publisher.
  
Example
 
       In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Franks, 2005)
 
       In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Franks, 2005, p. 148)
 
      References:
      Franks, A. (2005). Margaret Sanger's eugenic legacy: The control of female fertility.
            Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.